The higher-octane fuel extended the range of Allied bombers and made it possible for fighter planes to climb higher than those of the enemy. Return to the Service.
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Returning to active duty in May , he tested the fighter and bomber aircraft that the United States was rushing into production as war spread in Europe and Asia. In January he was given the supersecret assignment of planning and executing the first air raid on Japan. Never before had planes the size of B's taken off from an aircraft carrier, and to make that feat possible, the Doolittle raider planes were stripped of armament; they were also equipped with additional, rubber-fuel tanks to make the long flight to Japan.
The pilots, all volunteers, had to learn to take off at 60 miles an hour rather than 90 and in one-third of the B's usual takeoff distance. The planes were supposed to take off from the Hornet miles from Japan, but when a Japanese fishing vessel sighted the carrier, the schedule had to be accelerated, and the take-offs from the storm-tossed deck occurred miles from Japan.
The Hornet then sped away to evade retaliation. The planes crossed the Japanese coast barely 30 feet above the ground and released their bombs over arsenals, aircraft factories, shipyards and oil refineries from heights of to 1, feet. The plan was for the bombers to hit their targets and fly on across the China Sea to emergency airfields on the Chinese mainland, but none reached the fields.
Celebrations and Shangri-La. The news of the spectacular attack set off wild celebrations around the world. Roosevelt, wishing to keep the Japanese confused, said only that the raid was launched from Shangri-La, the name of the mythical Tibetan paradise in "Lost Horizon," the James Hilton novel. Nearly a year later, Shangri-La was identified as the Hornet, but by that time the carrier had been sunk after being irreparably damaged in the Battle of Santa Cruz.
A new Hornet was built, along with another carrier actually named Shangri-La.
The Extraordinary Life of Jimmy Doolittle — Aviation Pioneer and World War II Hero
As chairman of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, he directed a program of research financed by the Government. He was also on the President's Scientific Advisory Committee. President George Bush gave him the Presidential Medal of Freedom in , describing General Doolittle as "the master of the calculated risk. General Doolittle was married to his high school sweetheart, the former Josephine Daniels, who died in They had two sons, James Jr. He is survived by his son John, six grandchildren and 14 great-grandchildren.
Log In. View on timesmachine. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems. He had suffered a stroke two weeks earlier, the family said.
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Jolt for Morale The raid could not have come at a more opportune time. Honored for Pioneer Flight He did his share of stunt flying in the 's and 's and was adept at wing-walking. Early Accomplishments A test pilot from on, Captain Doolittle was the first flier to achieve an outside loop, an extremely hazardous feat when airplanes were still relatively primitive.
She supported military spouses during World War II through a newspaper column and radio show. She visited returning soldiers, whose wounds she realized were more than physical.
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She never talked about her achievements. Joe Doolittle had her own wounds. Her husband was overseas in when she had a mastectomy. She was a faithful letter writer. At a dinner party in , she asked her guests to sign the tablecloth. Then she embroidered each name. She continued this tradition, collecting hundreds of signatures, from scientists and aviators to mechanics.
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Jimmy Doolittle shares a moment with his wife, Joe. Home Lifestyle. Terri Barnes is a writer living in Ramstein, Germany. This firsthand account by his granddaughter reveals an extraordinary individual--a scientist with a doctorate in aeronautical engineering from MIT, an aviation pioneer who was the first to fly across the United States in less than 24 hours and the first to fly "blind" using only his plane's instruments , a barnstormer well known for aerobatics, a popular racing pilot who won every major air race at least once, recipient of both the Congressional Medal of Honor and Presidential Medal of Freedom, a four-star general, and commander of the 8th, 12th, and 15th Air Forces.
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This memoir provides insights into the public and private world of Jimmy Doolittle and his family and sheds light on the drives and motivation's of one of America's most influential and ambitious aviators. A memoir by the granddaughter of the master aviator brings personal insights into the public and private world of Jimmy Doolittle, one of America's most famous military heroes, and details the dramatic accomplishments of the influential and ambitious aviator.
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